Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Photo courtesy NRCS
Photo courtesy NRCS

About CBF's Pennsylvania Office

In 1986, with Pennsylvania established as a full partner in the Bay cleanup, CBF opened its Harrisburg office.

Although great strides in reducing pollution have been made over the last decades, nearly one-quarter of Pennsylvania's rivers and streams currently suffer from pollution. The Susquehanna River, the largest source of fresh water to the Chesapeake Bay, is also the largest source of nitrogen pollution to the Bay. Contaminated runoff from agricultural, urban, and suburban areas, sewage treatment plants, septic systems, and even air pollution foul Pennsylvania streams and remain the leading sources of Pennsylvania pollution to the Bay.

CBF's Pennsylvania office strives to reduce pollution from these sources through successful collaboration with a broad range of stakeholders—including government officials, local decision-makers, farmers, landowners, and others—to implement projects, policies, and programs that address pollution in our rivers, streams, and ultimately the Bay.

CBF Blog—Pennsylvania News

Latest from the CBF blog


and partners work with farmers to install conservation projects, like this cattle crossing. Photo by Matt Kofroth.Proposed Senate Bill 724 puts funding that is available to farmers for installing  cost-effective conservation projects—such as installing cattle crossings (above), fencing cows out of streams, and planting stream buffers—at risk. Photo by Matt Kofroth.

What You Need to Know About Senate Bill 724

On Wednesday, May 6, 2015, Pennsylvania's Senate Majority Policy Committee held a hearing on legislation that would make it harder for farmers to put scientifically proven conservation practices on their farms. If passed, this bill would take funding away from cost-effective agricultural conservation practices in favor of expensive, less effective, corporate-backed manure treatment technologies that address fewer pollution sources at a higher cost. It would divert funding from the state's resource-limited clean water programs, jeopardizing family farmers' ability to  implement necessary water quality improvement practices on their property.


Boy in Fishing Creek near Lightstreet, PA  Photo by Michelle YostIs your stream clean enough for your child to play in it safely? Nearly 20,000 miles of Pennsylvania's waterways are not.  Photo by Michelle Yost

To County Commissioners: Clean Water Resolutions Needed Now!

How clean is your stream? According to the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's (DEP) most recent statewide water quality survey, it's very likely that a stream or river near you is polluted. In fact, nearly one-quarter, almost 20,000 miles, of the creeks, rivers, and lakes that we rely on for recreation, and for drinking and household uses, are polluted.

The Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF) is calling on Pennsylvania officials to make clean water a priority, to commit the needed resources, and to ensure that our 83,000 miles of waterways are ALL clean.

Healthy families, strong communities, and a thriving Pennsylvania economy depend on it.  

We are urging county commissioners to pass Clean Water Counts resolutions that call on the Commonwealth to prioritize funding and increase investments for clean water, and your help is needed.

Please show your support for clean water by signing the Clean Water Counts online petition, today!


About CBF's Pennsylvania Watershed Restoration Program

Pasture land before installing streamside fencingFarm before restoration. Livestock have direct access to stream.

Pasture after installing streamside fencing

Farm restoration with forested buffer planted and livestock fencing installed.

Photos by CBF Staff

The Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF) works with farmers and landowners throughout the region to improve the health of Pennsylvania's rivers and streams. Our staff of restoration specialists provide one-on-one technical assistance in the implementation of agricultural Best Management Practices (BMPs) that improve farm sustainability and significantly reduce nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment pollution to local waterways.

CBF's approach to restoration integrates multiple programs, funding sources, and BMPs into a whole-farm approach. Our creative and cost-effective methods improve water quality, and solve on-farm production, management, and waste problems.

Our restoration team recognizes the need to balance economic viability with environmental sustainability, and that each farm and situation is unique. Working with farmers and partners like the USDA's Natural Resource Conservation Service, Farm Service Agency, county conservation districts, and private consultants, our team provides the right technical knowledge and assistance to addresses natural resource concerns while improving farm management.

The end result is cleaner waters and more profitable, sustainable, and environmentally responsible farms.

Public and private funds are strategically utilized to restore watersheds in areas with high concentrations of polluted runoff from agricultural activities. Some of the BMPs include: conservation and nutrient management plans, forested riparian buffers, streambank fencing, barnyard improvements, and field practices such as rotational grazing and no-till. Many of these practices result in reduced soil erosion, improved soil health, and healthier streams.

A Saved Bay = A Better Economy for Pennsylvania worth $6.2 Billion per year

Report Identifies Natural Benefits of Restored Bay

A first-ever peer-reviewed analysis released by CBF finds that the economic benefits provided by nature in the Chesapeake Bay watershed will total $130 billion annually when the Chesapeake Clean Water Blueprint, the regional plan to restore the Bay, is fully implemented.

Image of blue crabs and June 2014 milestone reports. Blue crab photo by Kristi Carroll/CBF StaffBlue crabs photo by Kristi Carroll/CBF Staff

Milestone Analysis: Pollution Reduced, Agriculture and Urban Runoff Reductions Falling Short

Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP) Milestones, two-year commitments made by the Bay states and District of Columbia to reduce pollution, are a key part of the Chesapeake Clean Water Blueprint. An analysis of the 2012-2013 Milestones showed that Pennsylvania met or exceeded its goals for four pollution reduction practices but fell short in four others. Find Out More    Read the press release

Cattle grazing at Valley Grassfed farm. Photo courtesy Valley GrassfedFunding and assistance from the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service and Chesapeake Bay Foundation has allowed the Senator's dream of being able to grow and sell their own beef to become a reality. Photo courtesy Valley Grassfed

Progress at Valley Grassfed Farm

"Our business, Valley Grassfed, would not be in existence if it weren't for the implementation of these practices providing for lush pastured paddocks." That's the way Jenne Senator, Owner and Operations Manager of Valley Grassfed described the many conservation measures that she and her husband, Bob, recently implemented on their farm near Spring Mills, Pennsylvania.

Photo courtesy NRCSPhoto courtesy NRCS

Farm Bill: Funding Conservation That Counts

Pennsylvania farmers rely on the federal Farm Bill conservation programs to help conserve soil and nutrients, and to meet state water quality requirements. The Farm Bill is updated by Congress approximately every five years, with the latest bill (aka the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008) having expired in September 2012.  Unable to pass a new bill at the time, Congress extended the 2008 bill to September 2013. Both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate passed Farm Bills that we hope will soon be reconciled and signed into law.

Farm Bill fact sheet  |  CBF PA's Farm Bill Policy Statement

Planting trees as part of South Allison Hill neighborhood revitalization. Photo by Andrew Bliss/CBF StaffPlanting trees as part of South Allison Hill neighborhood revitalization. Photo by Andrew Bliss/CBF Staff

Going Green in the Capital

With a gloried history, grand architecture,and a beautiful view of downtown, the South Allison Hill neighborhood of Harrisburg was once a thriving community. Today, however,the community struggles with poverty and has the highest crime rates in the city.

CBF is now working with the Community Action Commission, founded in 1966 to help Pennsylvanians achieve self-sufficiency, and a team of organizations to revitalize the neighborhood—starting by planting trees.

Research has shown that in addition to the many environmental benefits that trees provide, they also have societal benefits like raising property values, and reducing rates of domestic abuse, stress, and even Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children.

Although starting small, this project demonstrates the myriad of benefits of urban trees and builds partnerships that will help reduce pollution and revitalize communities in the city of Harrisburg.

Photo by Tom Pelton/CBF StaffFishing for smallmouth bass in the Susquehanna River. Photo by Tom Pelton/CBF Staff

CBF to PA DEP: "Add the Susquehanna River to Impaired Waters List"

One of the longest rivers in America, the Susquehanna River provides over half of the freshwater to the Chesapeake Bay, drinking water to millions of people, countless recreational opportunities, and scenic value.  For these and many other reasons, the river is a valued natural and economic resource to this region.  But the Mighty Susquehanna and her keystone fishery, the smallmouth bass, need help. Recent declines in the smallmouth bass health and population, along with water quality data suggesting poor conditions at key locations and at key times of the year, indicate the river fails to meet some of the basic requirements of the Clean Water Act.

Over a year ago Pennsylvania's top fisheries scientists at the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission (Commission) sounded the alarm for urgent state action to address widespread disease and death among smallmouth bass in the lower Susquehanna River, the largest tributary to the Chesapeake Bay.

CBF joined the Commission—along with the Pennsylvania Council of Trout Unlimited, American Rivers, and Citizens for Pennsylvania's Future—in a petition to urge the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) to prioritize the health of the Susquehanna and commit to a sound plan to help restore it.

The petition urged DEP to list a 98-mile stretch of the river as an impaired water body on the federal 303(d) Impaired Waters list. Data included in the petition supports the request and warrants including the stretch from Sunbury to the Maryland state line.

"In the autumn of 2011… outbreaks were so severe that approximately 40 percent of the adult smallmouth bass surveyed had extensive lesions and open sores," stated a recent letter from the Commission to DEP.  Similar outbreaks of disease in adults and death of young smallmouth bass in the lower Susquehanna River have occurred in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, as well as 2011. These specific conditions have been found nowhere else in Pennsylvania but in this 98-mile stretch of the Susquehanna River.

The group contends that the river fails to meet some of the basic requirements of the Clean Water Act.

DEP disagreed denied the petition. In January 2013, DEP excluded the river from its 2012 Impaired Waters List

The Importance of Being Declared "Impaired"

Of Pennsylvania's 86,000 miles of rivers, streams, and small creeks, over 18,000 miles are currently on the impaired list. Being included on the list ensures that each of these waterways will eventually have a recovery plan. By listing this section of the river, we ensure that a recovery plan will be developed for the lower Susquehanna. 

Based on the studies of the Commission, the U.S. Geological Survey, and others, and concerns about a collapse of this economically important fishery ($2.7 million in a 2007 study), the Commission took what steps it could to protect the smallmouth bass. It imposed catch-and-immediate release requirements and closed seasons for smallmouth bass during the spring spawning period.

These actions may help in the short-term, but to return long-term health and sustainability to the fishery, the state must commit to finding the answers and developing a plan to fix the problems.

Designating the river as an impaired waterway helps assure this occurs.

CBF will continue to urge reconsideration of our petition by DEP and EPA, who ultimately must approve DEP's list.

For the millions who depend on the river, the millions of dollars made from her bounty, and for generations to come—there is no better time to act on behalf of the Susquehanna River and clean water.

CBF and partners work with farmers to install conservation projects, like this cattle crossing, throughout the region. Photo by Matt Kofroth.Through the Buffer Bonus program, CBF and partners work with farmers to install conservation projects, like this cattle crossing. Photo by Matt Kofroth.

Buffer Bonus Program Helps Farmers Improve Local Water Quality—and Their Bottom Line

CBF and partners work with farmers and landowners throughout the region to implement conservation projects that will improve water quality and enhance farm profitability. Much of the work focuses on farm best management practices (BMPs). Currently available in a limited number of Pennsylvania counties, CBF's Buffer Bonus program encourages farmers to couple the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) forest buffers with these kinds of on-farm improvements. For each acre of forest buffer planted, CBF offers participating farmers a "best management practice voucher" to fund conservation work.

Improvements that qualify under the Buffer Bonus program include rotational grazing practices, streambank fencing, alternative watering systems, and laneways. Other options include the installation of waste transfer lines for milk-house waste and silage leachate, stabilization of access roads, and the installation of roof gutters, to name a few.

Another goal of this program is to provide, at no cost to the farmer, a new or updated Conservation and Nutrient Management Plan. By combining this plan with an engineer's evaluation of the farm (also provided) the plans are then considered a Comprehensive Nutrient Management Plan or a CNMP. Having a CNMP gives farmers the opportunity to apply for federal funding to assist with larger on-farm improvements such as manure storage facilities and concrete barnyards.

Buffer Bonus Results

In Bradford County, 36 farmers have already participated in the program. In just two years, through the Buffer Bonus program, $1.6 million has been invested in best management practices that have resulted in nearly 200 completed projects. These projects also brought those farms into full compliance with state required conservation and manure management plans.

In Lancaster County, Amish and Mennonite farmers are also reducing pollution by installing conservation projects and planting streamside forested buffers. In just two years another $1.6 million investment has resulted in nearly 300 completed projects, bringing 41 farms into full compliance with state required conservation and manure management plans.

"These conservation improvements are a win-win for both the farmer and local water quality," said Jennifer Johns, CBF Buffer Specialist in Bradford County. "While each project ultimately produces different results, we find that creating healthier living conditions for the livestock through the installation of conservation practices improves herd health and the farmer's bottom line."

Students display their finds. Photo by CBF StaffStudents display their finds during a field experience. Photo by CBF Staff

There are Many Lessons to be Learned by Picking Up a Bottle

Students with CBF's Susquehanna Watershed Education Program have been cleaning up streams one bottle at a time. For over 22 years the program has taught students things that anyone can do to help the environment. Students who have paddled with the program have always practiced "leave no trace" during the trips and have been encouraged to pick up trash as the group floats down various streams.

The islands on the Susquehanna River and the banks of streams always have some debris. When tropical storm Lee devastated many communities throughout the watershed even more debris was seen along the waterways. Right around the same time, CBF's Pennsylvania office had a large comingled recycling dumpster added next to its "landfill" dumpster. This has made it easy for the educators and students to bring and empty recycling and landfill buckets on their trips.

The students are encouraged daily to fill recycling tubs. Often the students go "progging" or searching for objects of interest on the islands, sharing fictional stories about how the found objects made it to their resting place. Though the amount collected is small compared with the total amount of debris, it is the process that teaches. The Susquehanna Watershed Education Program (SWEP) emphasizes the many positive changes to the environment that have taken place in the last 50 years. The availability of recycling in just the last 20 years is a change that students have seen grown immensely in their own lifetimes. It is one more example of how,if we all do a little, we can achieve a lot.

CBF Pennsylvania Office

1426 North 3rd Street
Suite 220
Harrisburg, PA  17102

Phone: 717-234-5550
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. M-F

Harry Campbell, Executive Director Pennsylvania Office
Harry Campbell
Pennsylvania Executive Director

Staff and Contact Info

Help protect Clean Water in York County

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In the News

11.16.15 - Chesapeake Bay Foundation-PA Earns 2 Awards for Stream Buffers, Reducing Pollution

11.16.15 - CBF Press Release CBF Pennsylvania Earns Two Awards for Efforts to Plant Buffers, Reduce Pollution

10.24.15 - Clean Water Counts in York

10.22.15 - The translation of a river name

10.14.15 - Pa. holding out on plastic microbead legislation

10.13.15 - It's time for PA to reboot its commitments to Bay agreement

10.09.15 - You can use fallen leaves to protect water sources

09.28.15 - Farm Bureau challenging EPA authority in Chesapeake Bay pollution plan

09.26.15 - Cleanup at Bay

09.23.15 - Bill would protect local farmers with methane digesters from limits on electricity they sell to utilities

09.22.15 - Polluted runoff fees help fight local issues

09.21.15 - CBF Press Release Farm Bureau Prepares to Ask Supreme Court to Throw Out the Chesapeake Bay Clean Water Blueprint

09.15.15 - Audio available Canoeing for water quality

09.15.15 - Seeking Clarity? Get involved in river health

09.04.15 - Video Seeking Clarity: York's watershed steward program among ways to get involved

09.04.15 - Video Seeking Clarity: The 'invisible' pollution in York's waterways

09.03.15 - Bay cleanup must be a group project

09.03.15 - Video Seeking Clarity: Penalties loom for Pa.'s failure to meet fed water pollution standards

08.30.15 - Time to walk the walk on clean waters

08.29.15 - EPA: Pennsylvania lagging in pollution reduction

08.27.15 - Natural gas severance tax 'hostage' in Pa. budget battle?

08.26.15 - Veterans event looks to provide peace on the water

08.17.15 - Video Man kayaks entire Susquehanna River, brings attention to water quality

08.14.15 - Susquehanna odyssey is testament to a struggling river

08.09.15 - Making a paddle journey down the river

07.30.15 - CBF Press Release CBF Applauds Somerset County As the 16th County to Join the Clean Water Counts Campaign

07.29.15 - CBF Press Release CBF Supports Severance Tax on Natural Gas Extraction if Clean Water Efforts in Pennsylvania Get Share of the Revenues

07.21.15 - Commit to saving Chesapeake Bay

07.19.15 - Learning lessons in the field

07.19.15 - Teachers get feet wet at Envirothon workshop

07.16.15 - Environment teachers get their feet wet

07.14.15 - Envirothon teachers attend two-day workshop

07.14.15 - CBF Press Release Milestone Assessment Finds Pennsylvania Falling Short of Goals

07.08.15 - Audio available Podcast: Chesapeake Bay ruling 'a great win for clean water'

07.06.15 - Federal court again upholds Chesapeake Bay restoration regulations here

07.07.15 - Advocates for Chesapeake Bay clean-up praise ruling

07.07.15 - Court upholds EPA's 'pollution diet' for Chesapeake Bay

07.05.15 - Trees: the cool solution to water pollution

07.01.15 - Ground Zero for Clean Water

07.01.15 - Pennsylvania off track on Chesapeake Bay pollution reduction

07.01.15 - Pennsylvania leaders must step up to meet clean-water commitments

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