Farmers who graze their herds have lower costs for such things as feed, fertilizer, pesticides, and equipment, and also routinely produce less nutrient and sediment pollution, primary pollutants to the Chesapeake Bay. Photo credit iStock

Raising Cows Green, Equals More Green

With lobbyists for industrial agriculture predicting the collapse of American farming if the Clean Water Act is enforced, it's refreshing to meet Myron Martin, and other farmers like him. And it may be more important to see their farms' balance sheets.

Martin is a dairy farmer in western Maryland. But his Peace Hollow Farm is not just any farm. It is perhaps the most profitable dairy farm in the region by some measures, according to recent calculations by the University of Maryland Extension. It also is one of the most environmentally friendly. Martin is a mentor in the Maryland Grazers Network, a Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF) project that helps farmers learn from other farmers and farm/environmental professionals how to cut down on farm pollution and to increase profits.

Martin, like other Grazers, raises his cows on pasture, the old fashioned way, rather than confining them in the typical model of modern animal husbandry. Grass farmers have lower costs for such things as feed, fertilizer, pesticides, and equipment, and also routinely produce less nutrient and sediment pollution, primary pollutants to the Chesapeake Bay.

Martin earns a per-cow profit for his milk of $919 on average, according to studies conducted by Dale Johnson of the Extension. The average confinement operation earns $451 per cow. Other farmers in the Grazers Network earn $588 per cow. Martin earns nearly as much in milk sales for his 72 cows as the average confinement dairy farmers would earn with 147 cows—twice the per-cow profits.

These sorts of figures contradict the American Farm Bureau, which has been trying to raise fears among farmers that new efforts to clean up the Chesapeake Bay would put farmers out of business. Peace Hollow Farm and other operations prove the opposite: Sustainable farming can help increase profits.

"He (Martin) still has to deal with manure but the way he's managing his pastures, we're very confident very little manure is leaving the pastures and going into the waterways," Johnson said. "Is there a more environmentally friendly way of producing milk and possibly more profitable? We're thinking grazing does both."

Martin earns higher margins than even the average pasture dairy farm because he sells his milk to an organic wholesale farmer coop, Organic Valley, Johnson said. Organic milk brings a higher price.

That fact underscores the critical importance of consumers supporting small, environmentally friendly family farms. Buying farm products directly from farmers at farmers markets, through Community Supported Agriculture networks, or from retailers who feature organic, small-farm brands, simultaneously helps save the financially threatened family farm and the Bay.

For more information, check out the Chesapeake chapter of Buy Fresh Buy Local hosted by CBF.

The Maryland Grazers Network

Logo: Maryland Grazers NetworkThe Maryland Grazers Network is a mentorship program that pairs experienced livestock, dairy, sheep, and poultry producers with farmers who want to learn new grazing skills. The Grazers Network Project Team provides technical assistance and includes experts in pasture and forage management, financial management, marketing, and funding resources. Developed by Clagett Farm and the Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF), the Network is a collaboration of CBF, University of Maryland Extension, and the Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Download the brochure (PDF, 108 KB, 2pgs)

For more information, contact Michael Heller at

The Grazers Network also provides funds for the Amazing Grazing Directory which lists 120 grazers in Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, and West Virginia.

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