Stormwater runoff from farmland and urban and suburban areas wash nutrients—often excessive amounts of them—into our streams and rivers eventually leading to the Bay. Too much of these nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus in particular) do great harm to our waters' critters, plants, and underwater life.
What We're Doing About It
By building and restoring forested buffers (multiple rows of native trees, shrubs, and grasses) along streams and rivers, we are able to capture and filter out the pollution from runoff through these buffers. They also provide important habitat for wildlife and aquatic species, stabilize stream banks against erosion, and help keep rivers cool in summer. Also called riparian buffers, this practice has been scientifically proven to be the most effective and least costly best management practice for preventing pollution of our rivers and streams.
Farmers are one group that can greatly benefit from forested buffers along the streams that often cut through their land. Our Farm Stewardship program offers opportunities for volunteers to help farmers improve the quality of the streams running through their farmland.
In addition CBF creates living shorelines along river and Bay waterfront with native wetland plants and grasses. These areas help restore habitat, prevent erosion, capture sediment, and filter pollution.