Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program

Newly planted trees grace the hillside along a stream. Photo by CBF StaffNewly planted trees protected by white tree shelters will grow into a buffer that will improve the water quality of this stream. Photo by CBF Staff

Restoring Streams, Creating Habitat, and Improving Water Quality

What can landowners in Pennsylvania do to protect water quality in the rivers and streams that flow into the Chesapeake Bay? One option is to make their streamside property or farmland more conservation-friendly. The state's Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) provides funding for them to do so.

CREP participants receive funding to create riparian buffers, wetlands, wildlife habitat, grass filter strips, native grass stands, and more. One of the most popular CREP projects is planting streamside buffers. Through CREP, the Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF) and its partners have planted more than 1,800 miles of streamside buffers in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

More than $500 million is earmarked for the program. CBF works with the United States Department of Agriculture, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, the Pennsylvania Game Commission, and others to put CREP funds to use. CBF has seven full-time field staff working with landowners enrolled in CREP.

Benefits of CREP

CREP is one of the most cost-efficient and effective programs in the Commonwealth for reducing pollution in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Benefits include:

  • Income for landowners. CREP pays up to 90 to 140 percent of the installation cost and annual rent, which is usually between $40 and $240 per acre/per year.
  • Good for the environment. CREP helps reduce stream bank erosion, protect natural resource land, provide habitat for fish and wildlife, reduce flooding, and more.
  • Free assistance. CREP participants receive free assistance to plan, design, and implement buffer projects.
  • Doubled cost share. Planting new or protecting existing forested buffers earns up to 100 percent cost share for other priority practices.

Landowners with grazing animals receive additional benefits because CREP will also pay to construct fences, stabilize crossings, and install alternative water supplies.

Who is Eligible?

The program is open to rural landowners with idle, pasture or cropland land that:

  • Is within 180 feet of a stream (including small or seasonal streams), pond, lake, or wetland with open water;
  • Has less than 30 percent coverage by woody plants; and
  • They've owned for at least one year.
Find Out More
  • Download our CREP brochure
  • In partnership with the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy, CBF operates a toll free phone service for property owners to learn more about CREP. Call 1-800-941-CREP (2737). 
  • You also can visit the Pennsylvania CREP website.

Make Your Property "Conservation-Friendly"

Cover: CBF Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) brochure
Download CBF's Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) brochure.


An important resource for CREP landowners

Cover: Landowners Guide to Buffer Success

CREP Buffer Maintenance Guide

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