Current & Future Challenges

shoreline flooding Chesapeake Bay Program 1171x593

Climate change will make the challenge of restoring the Chesapeake Bay even harder, as increased precipitation and sea-level rise brings additional pollution. Pollution reduction practices such as forest buffers, green infrastructure, and agricultural conservation practices will also increase the region's resiliency to future effects of climate change.

Chesapeake Bay Program

The Chesapeake Clean Water Blueprint is working, and over the long term, polluted runoff in many areas is decreasing along with summer dead zones. But the road to finishing the job is steep.

In addition to the unique challenges each state faces to meet the Blueprint goals, climate change threatens the Bay’s recovery, rollbacks of federal regulations hamper progress toward clean water and air, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has failed to hold states accountable to their Blueprint commitments.

At the same time, the COVID-19 pandemic presents an unparalleled challenge. The pandemic continues to impact our personal and professional lives and is straining local, state, and federal budgets. However, it also underscores the irreplaceable value of our natural resources, as people turn to the outdoors for both mental and physical health.

Taking action to reduce pollution now is more critical than ever. It not only helps ensure these resources are protected and improved for future generations, but also supports local businesses, creates jobs, and provides additional environmental and public health benefits. This is the final and most important phase of the clean-up effort. The Bay partnership must finish the job. 

Repairing Regulatory Programs

Graphic of capitol building.

The Clean Water Act and Clean Air Act are the backbone of the efforts to restore the Chesapeake Bay. The regulatory programs that implement those laws are critical to reducing pollution in the watershed enough to return the Bay to a state of good health. Yet rollbacks to those programs over the past few years threaten the success of the Chesapeake Clean Water Blueprint. They will also exacerbate the problems the region is already experiencing due to climate change. The Biden-Harris administration has an opportunity to take a holistic approach to strengthening environmental regulatory programs so that they achieve necessary pollution reductions, consider climate change and environmental justice issues, and allow for robust public engagement.

Find out more about regulatory issues facing the Bay.

Climate Change

Graphic of water rising in front of house.

Climate change is a real and imminent threat to the Chesapeake Bay. Water temperatures are warming. Sea levels are rising. Record levels of rainfall, like those in 2018, are expected to become more regular. Scientists agree these changes will make Bay restoration harder, requiring additional reductions in nitrogen and phosphorus pollution by 2025. By 2022, all Bay jurisdictions must describe how they will make the extra cuts. They should plan now and follow the lead of Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia, which included measures to achieve the additional pollution reductions due to climate change in their latest state Clean Water Blueprints (Phase III WIPs).

Find out more about the impact of climate change on the Bay and its rivers and streams.

EPA Accountability

Graphic of checklist and magnifying glass.

With only four years to go until the Blueprint’s 2025 deadline, the final pollution-reduction plans submitted to EPA by Pennsylvania and New York do not meet their clean water commitments. Despite its responsibility and legal authorities under the Clean Water Act, EPA took no steps to hold either state accountable. EPA is the only independent party that can hold states accountable, and it must exercise its authority under the Clean Water Act to ensure that all Bay jurisdictions develop plans that meet their commitments for reducing nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment pollution in waterways that feed into the Bay by 2025.

On September 10, 2020, CBF and partners sued EPA for abdicating its responsibilities under the Clean Water Act.

The Bay Needs You

The 2020 State of the Bay Report makes it clear that the Bay needs our support now more than ever. Your donation helps the Chesapeake Bay Foundation maintain our momentum toward a restored Bay, rivers, and streams for today and generations to come.

Donate Today


Do you enjoy working with others to help clean the Chesapeake Bay? Do you have a few hours to spare? Whether growing oysters, planting trees, or helping in our offices, there are plenty of ways you can contribute.

This website uses cookies to tailor and enhance your online experience. By continuing, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. For more information, including details on how to disable cookies, please visit our Privacy Policy. Close