The State of Today's Blue Crab Fishery


The Chesapeake’s iconic blue crabs have shown steady improvement since a low point in 2014. The 2018 Winter Dredge Survey conducted by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources showed the the population remains within healthy, sustainable parameters. While the cold winter resulted in a decrease in adult crabs, including spawning-age females, the juvenile population increased 34 percent. We hope that as young crabs increase their abundance, it will yield a population increase that provides brighter economic futures to Bayside communities dependent on crabs, like Smith and Tangier Islands.

Stability for the Bay's blue crab population has been limited by degraded habitat, in particular underwater grass bed coverage, which is fortunately beginning to show signs of improvement. Blue crabs need grass beds for nursery areas and protection from predators. New management approaches also need to be explored. Despite the good news, the crab population has not reached its target level, a fact that emphasizes the need to stay the course with science-based limits. This iconic symbol of the Chesapeake is resilient, but our appetite for it—in all forms—demands caution and restraint lest we love it to death.

More About Blue Crabs


  • Photo of the Week: Chesapeake Basket

    This bushel basket washed ashore on a beach in Kent Island from the Chesapeake Bay. We're thankful for the hardworking men and women who work on the water to provide the best local seafood.

  • We're Live Talking Blue Crabs!

    We're live with CBF's Senior Scientist Chris Moore discussing the latest blue crab numbers!

  • Let Science Be Your Guide

    CBF President Will Baker and retiring CBF Fisheries Scientist Bill Goldsborough discuss the progress made using the science-based management of rockfish, crabs, oysters, and menhaden over the last decades.

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